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All intellectual property rights in the information on this  website belong to Monique Tolk. 

The copyrights of the discussed works belong to their owners.



  1. CITATION LAW text applied 

  2. to quote is to copy a small part of a work from another in a new work 

  3. to quote from a work, in an announcement, review, polemic, or scholarly treatise, or for an utterance with a similar purpose

  4. a quote is a small part of another person's work, such as a piece of text, a photo or a fragment from a video that you integrate in a new context. The quote must have a substantive connection with the context in which it is placed 

  5. for the context, the medium is irrelevant, so it can be a blog post, presentation, video, article or anything else, it must be an announcement, review, polemic, scientific treatise or statement with a similar purpose.

  6. an announcement draws attention to the work or to an event associated with the work,  such as an exhibition or event or by telling about the work itself or where it is for sale 

  7. a rating is the same as a review;  a review may also be negative, as long as the work is not 'taken out of context' or other rights are affected 

  8. polemic, either a discussion, opinion, criticism or opinion;  much is lawful, but be careful;  freedom of expression also has limits; a polemic is a 'pen battle' 

  9. any serious and business-like report, argument or informational work does not have to be written by a scientist;  documentaries are also included

  10. this allows almost any kind of utterance to use a quote;  the utterance must want substantive, more or less serious information, a similar purpose  convey. 

  11. an overview in (news) media;  very brief summary of what has appeared in other media, to which citations may be added; of  NS Newsflash  is it possible to also publish rss feeds with a small image and first few words or sentences on a website 

  12. you may not quote from a diary, letters or unpublished photos; the work from which you quote must already have been lawfully made public 

  13. the work may not have decreased in value or become less salable as a result of the quotation; the quote must not prejudice the normal exploitation of the work 

  14. the quote must be justified by the purpose there must be sufficient connection between the quote and the text in which it is incorporated;  the text does not necessarily have to refer directly to the (image) quote 

  15. if reasonably possible state the name of the maker + state the source 

  16. Quoting is allowed if - from a lawfully published work - in an announcement, etc. - the quotation does not prejudice the exploitation of the work - quotation is sufficiently related to the purpose of the text - name of the author and the source



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